Two scientists observe ocular tissue samples under a laser scanning microscope. Credit: National Eye Institute (NEI)
Other countries have large scale brain research efforts as well including:
- European Union
EUROPEAN COMMISSION’S HUMAN BRAIN PROJECT
The Human Brain Project (HBP) is a European Commission Future and Emerging Technologies Flagship that aims to accelerate our understanding of the human brain, make advances in defining and diagnosing brain disorders, and develop new brain-like technologies. HBP has over 100 partners in 24 countries in Europe and around the world. A major goal of the HBP is to deliver a collaboratively built first draft “scaffold” model and simulation of the human brain by 2023. Visit humanbrainproject.edu for more information.
JAPAN’S BRAIN MAPPING BY INTEGRATED NEUROTECHNOLOGIES FOR DISEASE STUDIES (Brain/MINDS)
In parallel with the projects in the U.S. and Europe, in 2014 Japan launched its own project based on the following three objectives: to focus on studies of non-human primate brains that will directly link to better understanding of the human brain; to elucidate the neural networks involved in such brain disorders as dementia and depression; and to promote close cooperation between basic and clinical research related to the brain. Visit Brainminds.jp for more information.
In 2014, Australia’s Minister for Health announced that that Australia would provide for an additional investment into research on function and structure of the brain. The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Australia’s National Health & Medical Research Council (NHMRC) have agreed to cooperate in the BRAIN Initiative and involve both Australian and U.S. scientists. NHMRC will support Australian researchers for a BRAIN Initiative funding opportunity: Foundations of human brain imaging bridging scales and modalities.
In 2010, there was an organizational re-structuring at the NeuroScience Canada Partnership and the Brain Canada Foundation (known as “Brain Canada”) was formed. Brain Canada is focused on raising funds for brain research in support of the national brain research program developed by the Partnership. The U.S. NIH recently announced that they had formed a new partnership with Brain Canada to support the involvement of Canadian researchers in the NIH BRAIN Initiative.
ISRAEL BRAIN TECHNOLOGIES
Israel Brain Technologies (IBT) is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to accelerate the commercialization of Israel’s brain-related innovation and establish Israel as a leading international brain technology hub. IBT facilitates the development of brain technologies by hosting its annual BrainTech conference and serving as a launch pad to support early stage startups. Visit Israelbrain.org for more information.
China continues to fund the Brainnetome project. The goal is to identify brain networks with multimodal neuroimaging techniques, from the finest scale to the most macroscopic, and to explore the relationship among them.